For the “Doing Well by Doing Good” campaign, we have a set of resources for your information and use. We hope you will join us in our efforts to bring attention to the benefits of agricultural research for development and the strong case for greater funding.
The resources will help us (and you) make the case that despite the proof positive from benefit-cost analyses finding a ratio of 10:1 on investment and the less quantifiable social, environmental and diplomatic benefits in-country and to Australia of investing in international agricultural research for development (Ag4Dev), the proportion of Australia’s development-assistance budget it receives is only around 2.5 per cent. We firmly believe it is in Australia’s interests to increase the proportion of its development-assistance budget invested in Ag4Dev.
Here are our resources and downloads on #WhyAg4Dev.
Agricultural R&D 2010-2020: Doing Well by Doing Good Report
Produced by John Mullen, Julien de Meyer, Caroline Lemerle, Garry Griffith and Bill Malcolm, 2022
The Benefits to Australia and to the Global Community from Investing in International Agricultural Research and Development
Produced by Alluvium International (Dr Neil Byron, Dr Jan Edwards, Mette Kirk and Steve Charlton-Henderson), 2022
We are pleased to have so many eminent people who support our view that it is in Australia’s interests to support an increase in the proportion of its development-assistance budget invested in international Ag4Dev including:
Please join us to amplify our message that it is in Australia’s interests to support an increase in the proportion of its development-assistance budget invested in international Ag4Dev.
Access the #WhyAg4Dev social media toolkit.
While some of the international reports are understandably focused on other countries, we believe the arguments hold true for Australia too. These publications include:
Halftime for SDGs: Agricultural R&D, which conducts a benefit-cost analysis of expanding agricultural research and development in the Global South. Released by the Copenhagen Consensus Center, the analysis builds on IFPRI’s IMPACT model to estimate the investments required to reduce the global prevalence of hunger below 5%. After 35 years, the increased funding is estimated to increase agricultural output by 10%, reduce the prevalence of hunger by 35%, reduce food prices by 16%, and increase per capita incomes by 4%. Using an 8% discount rate, the net present value of the costs of agricultural R&D is estimated at $61 billion for the next 35 years, while the net present benefits in terms of net economic surplus are estimated at $2.1 trillion. The central estimate of the benefit-cost ratio, BCR, is therefore 33, consistent with previous research documenting high average returns to agricultural research and development.
The payoff to investing in CGIAR research details how over the past five decades the CGIAR has spent about $60 billion in present value terms, and this investment has returned tenfold benefits which include less-easily measured payoffs for poor people from greater food abundance, cheaper food, reduced rates of hunger and poverty, and a smaller geographical footprint of agriculture. The report describes agricultural research as ‘slow magic’ with returns accruing over long periods. This report was released in 2020 by Julian M. Alston, Philip G. Pardey, and Xudong Rao.
Ceres2030’s research, released in 2020, Donors must double aid to end hunger – and spend it wisely, shows that by doubling their investments between now and 2030, donors could help end hunger, double smallholder farmer incomes, and protect the climate. Ceres2030 is a partnership between Cornell University, the International Food Research Policy Institute, and the International Institute for Sustainable Development, in a collaboration with multiple global partners. This project is supported by the Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development of Germany (BMZ) and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
According to Making science more effective for agriculture, published in Advances in Agronomy in 2020, the challenges facing global agriculture are increasing, public funding for R&D is declining but returns on investment in research and development in agriculture, are historically high. Therefore, the authors, leading agricultural academics including the Crawford Fund’s own Dr Tony Fischer and Professor Tim Reeves, argue that government investment should not only continue, but they propose high-level propositions for improved allocation of ag R&D resources.
The American Center for Strategic and International Studies published a brief in 2020, Agriculture under Pressure, examining the evolving role of agricultural development in today’s US foreign assistance strategy and programming. The brief reviews the key pressures affecting agriculture today; discusses opportunities to strengthen resilience and move toward a more sustainable, inclusive, and healthy food and agriculture system, and proposes policy and action recommendations for making US foreign assistance more effective in the current climate of stress and uncertainty.
New solutions for a changing climate: The policy imperative for public investment in agriculture R&D was released in 2020 by the Chicago Council on Global Affairs. The policy brief argues that the time for big change is now and that there must be a revitalisation of public investment in agricultural research, American food systems, and international agricultural development that focuses on the challenges of the future.
How the United States benefits from agricultural and food security investments in developing countries, published in 2019 was co-authored by the Board for International Food and Agricultural Development (BIFAD), the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), and the Association of Public and Land-Grant Universities (APLU). It has specific examples of how the USA has benefited from providing foreign assistance in agriculture, and how, through strong partnerships with the nation’s outstanding universities, USAID is truly making a difference both abroad and domestically.
Investment costs and policy action opportunities for reaching a world without hunger (SDG2)look at progress by G7 nations to meet components of Sustainable Development Goal 2 – ending hunger and all forms of undernourishment, food insecurity, and malnutrition. By undertaking a thorough assessment and identifying further policy actions and investments needed to meet SDG 2, the authors aim to provide an impetus for further national and international engagement in meeting the target. This report was published in late 2020 by the Center for Development Research (ZEF) of the University of Bonn in cooperation with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).